- Bright Idea (research-oriented or new idea)
- IPM Implementer (on the ground)
- IPM Educator (extension or teacher)
- Pulling Together (group)
- Future Leader (young professional)
- Lifetime Achievement (seasoned professional).
Wednesday, December 2, 2015
Sunday, November 22, 2015
Western Weed Summit Takes Aim at Invasive Plants
Finding a way to stop fire-prone cheatgrass and other invasive species is unavoidable if sagebrush ecosystems in the West are to remain viable for native plants and animals, experts say.
More than 200 federal and state land managers and scientists trying to figure out how to do that took part in the three-day 2015 Western Invasive Weed Summit that wrapped up Thursday in Boise.
Friday, November 20, 2015
If we don’t act on climate now, this list is just the tip of the iceberg of what we can expect in years to come. Future generations shouldn’t just see these animals in history books -- we owe it to them to protect these creatures and their habitats."
|Moose, Alces alces|
Alfred Viola, Northeastern University, Bugwood.org
Monday, November 16, 2015
Friday, November 13, 2015
"In the fall of 2013, the ITP team (USDA/APHIS) released its first suite of Lucid Mobile apps. These apps were based on Lucid keys contained within 10 of ITP’s webbased identification tools (http://idtools.org/). The 10 apps were made available, via the Google Play Store, for Android mobile devices. In the spring of 2014, the 10 apps were made available for iPhones at the iTunes App Store.
In 2015, the Android and iOS apps received a signficant update to enhance the apps functionality for users.
Each of the 10 apps now has a custom-designed landing page to support easy access to the key(s) and the various types of content offered in the app. The apps have been updated to the latest Lucid Mobile Player, offering users a number of new features such as searchable/filterable lists and differences.
All 10 of the iOS apps are now universal apps, meaning that they are designed to run natively at a higher resolution on iPads. When you download the app from the iTunes App Store, you receive both the iPhone and iPad versions.
Lucid Mobile takes full advantage of all the conventions and functionalities to which mobile device users are accustomed, while supporting the valuable features of desktop Lucid keys. You can now carry Lucid keys with you into the field for screening and identification on your mobile devices without requiring internet access. To download ITP’s apps onto your iPhone, iPad, or Android mobile devices, or to update the apps you have previously downloaded, visit:
For questions or comments about ITP’s mobile apps,
contact the ITP team (email@example.com)."
According to UC ANR, they are "seeking a Director to assume leadership for its Western IPM Center (WIPMC) within the UC Statewide IPM Program." The director will be responsible for the WIPMC staff as well as managing the operations of WIPMC.
Other responsibilities will include communication with WIPMC's Advisory and Steering Committees and collaboration with other agencies.
Minimum and Required Qualifications:
This position focuses on Integrated Pest Management.
- A minimum of a Master’s Degree is required, though advanced degrees are preferred in an appropriate scientific discipline and professional background in any of the following pest management fields; entomology, plant pathology, weed science, nematology, or vertebrate pest management.
- Experience leading or managing a program, obtaining and managing competitive grants; the ability to build new collaborative efforts among diverse stakeholders; staff supervision, and excellent interpersonal, organizational and communication skills are required.
- Knowledge of the diverse agriculture in the Western U.S.; experience with federal grant sources.
WIPMC is one fourth of the regional IPM centers focused on providing coordination of IPM programming. The remaining three regional centers are the Southern IPM Center (SIPMC), the Northeastern IPM Center (NEIPMC) and the North Central IPM Center (NCIPMC). 13 states and four Pacific Island territories are part of WIPMC.
For more information about the position or how to apply, please visit here or email Deziree Sutliff and refer to position #15-32.
Tuesday, November 10, 2015
Tuesday, November 3, 2015
Monday, November 2, 2015
|apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella) by Joseph Berger, Bugwood.org|
The apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella), a fruit fly native to the U.S., is curious, as apples are not native to the U.S. Before the apple maggot started feeding on the apple in the 1850s, they would feed on native hawthorns and their life cycle was tied to the life cycle of the hawthorn. Interestingly, there are wasp parasitoids which will infest larval apple maggot,s and so their life cycle is also tied into the same time frame. As some of the apple maggots have displayed a preference for the apple trees over the hawthorns, very slowly, their life cycle has shifted to match the fruiting cycle of the apples. Scientists have been watching the apple maggot and have seen how the feeding and mating habits have changed in the apple tree feeders, thus splitting the apple maggots into two different species based on their apple or hawthorn preferences. As the life cycle of the maggots is changing, the parasitoid wasps are also splitting based on their hosts' preferences. This supports the "sequential speciation" evolutionary process, stating that adaption and speciation doesn't occur independently and is more of a cascade of new species that arise as new niche opportunities are introduced.
|apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella) by Whitney Cranshaw, Bugwood.org|
Source Article: Caught in the act: New wasp species emerging
Apple Maggot Images: Rhagoletis pomonella
Tuesday, October 27, 2015
The Extension Educator is responsible for developing, implementing, and evaluating educational programs that build local capacity for aquatic invasive species detection and response. These educational programs will provide training and tools to local governments, lake associations, AIS professionals, and citizens groups to prevent, detect, monitor, track, and control the establishment and spread of state-listed aquatic invasive species.
To accomplish this, the AIS Extension Educator will, in coordination with MAISRC staff and researchers, Extension colleagues, and DNR staff: 1) develop and lead a statewide citizen science program aimed at tracking AIS population changes to inform management and research, 2) contribute to a statewide citizen science program for early detection of AIS; 3) contribute to other research-based AIS programs developed in response to state needs , 4) foster partnerships with state and local governments, lake associations, AIS professionals and citizens organizations, 5) provide programming to these partners to implement on-the-ground AIS prevention, detection, monitoring and control efforts, 6) assist with development of an online data repository for collecting and reporting data generated through these prevention, detection, monitoring and control efforts 7) assist in securing funding to sustain AIS programming efforts. Training and other program delivery will include using a variety of communication strategies appropriate for the intended target audience, including but not limited to workshops, classes, webcasts, social media, publications, mass media and community coalitions.
The AIS Extension Educator will be affiliated with the Minnesota Aquatic Invasive Species Research Center (MAISRC) and act as a critical interface between local community groups, university scientists, and state natural resource agency managers. The AIS Extension Educator will coordinate with other Extension Educators and Specialists involved in AIS programming and with MAISRC researchers to operate as a team. The AIS Extension Educator will also coordinate communications efforts with MAISRC communications staff.
To Learn More About this JOB click here
- Cover letter
- Transcripts for all college work (unofficial transcripts are acceptable at the application stage).
- Names and contact information for three professional references.
- Click on Employment
- Click on “Using the Job Application System” (5th bullet on the left hand side of the screen)
- Click on “My Activity” under “Application Activities”
- From the drop box select: Transcripts or Reference Attachments
FOR QUESTIONS ABOUT THE POSITION CONTACT:
Program Leader for the Extension Center of Food Agricultural and Natural Resources Sciences
Associate Director, University of Minnesota Water Resources Center
173 McNeal Hall, 1985 Buford Street
St. Paul, MN 55108
The University of Minnesota Extension Water Resource team's mission is to make a difference by connecting community needs and University resources to address Minnesota's critical water resource issues by providing and modeling effective education to ensure safe and sustainable water resources.
Phone: 612-624-3738 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Saturday, October 24, 2015
America’s Longleaf Restoration Initiative Longleaf Partnership Council: 2014 Range-wide Accomplishment Report
Key Overall Findings"The combined efforts of the many partners involved in longleaf restoration across the Southeast resulted in over 1.55 million acres of various on-the-ground longleaf restoration accomplishments. These restoration activities included tree planting, prescribed burning, mid-story treatments, invasive species control, native understory plant establishment, over-story treatments, and land acquisition/easements. Approximately 69% of the total accomplishments occurred within the SGAs. Approximately 61% of the overall 2014 accomplishments occurred in Florida (38%), Alabama (12%), and Georgia (11%), states which make up two-thirds of the current range-wide longleaf-dominated forest acreage. Most of the work on public lands (55%) occurred in Florida and Georgia and totaled over 658,000 acres. Restoration activities on private lands in Alabama and Georgia accounted for roughly one-half (175,000 acres) of the range-wide private lands total. Approximately 21% of the overall accomplishments occurred in the western range (Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas), while 17% occurred in the eastern range (South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia)." To read the full Report: 2014 Range-wide Accomplishment Report
Thursday, October 22, 2015
Faculty members can be on any level and will create a new and basic knowledge to understand the fundamentals of emerging diseases caused by pathogens of plants to facilitate quick action to minimize potential damage of new threats. According to the University's announcement, it believes understanding and managing of new plant disease can be accomplished by a "collaborative approach with expertise in epidemiology, population biology, microbial evolution, geospatial modeling and bioinformatics".
For more information about the four positions, or how to apply, please visit the Emerging Plant Disease and Global Food Security page.
For consideration, a curriculum vitae, cover letter, a statement of research experience and goals as it relates to the cluster and contact information for references are requested. Materials for consideration will be accepted electronically via http://jobs.ncsu.edu/postings/58983/. A comprehensive review of applications will begin by Dec. 15, 2015 and continue until the positions are filled. The target start date for is August 2016; however, a mutually beneficial time may be negotiated. Questions about the position may be directed with a subject line “GFSCluster inquiry to Jean Ristaino (email@example.com) or firstname.lastname@example.org.
NC State University is an equal opportunity and affirmative action employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, national origin, religion, sex, gender identity, age, sexual orientation, genetic information, status as an individual with a disability, or status as a protected veteran. Persons with disabilities requiring accommodations in the application process please call (919) 515-3148.
Friday, October 9, 2015
Monday, October 5, 2015
|Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum) Growing out of a bag of cow manure, in 1991 by Randy Westbrooks, Invasive Species Prevention Specialist, Bugwood.org|
Tuesday, September 29, 2015
$220,000 is available this year with projects limited to $30,000 - $40,000 depending on project type The funding covers a one-year project, so please keep that in mind when considering your proposal. If interested, see http://bit.ly/1gUmkaD for more information.
Friday, September 4, 2015
- Separate Federal and State, and even some local/municipal/county lists exist
- Federal Noxious Weed List was established by the Federal Noxious Weed Act of 1974, was amended in 1990, and then was superseded by the Plant Protection Act in 2000
- State and local lists can be created by different agencies in each state
- Plants are added based on their ability to damage the environment, cause harm to persons, or disrupt the economy
- Federally - Movement of listed plant species is restricted (without a permit)
- Many of the plants were added specifically for their impact on agriculture or natural areas
As of July, 2015, Montana added three new invasive species to their state Noxious Weed List:
|Parrot Feather Watermilfoil (Myriophyllum aquaticum [pictured] or M. brasiliense) by Graves Lovell, Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Bugwood.org|
|Brazilian waterweed (Egeria densa) by U.S. Geological Survey Archive, U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org|
|common reed (Phragmites australis ssp. australis) by Caleb Slemmons, National Ecological Observatory Network, Bugwood.org|
Want to know more about these species and where they are found?
Common Reed - Maps, Species Information, and Images
Brazilian waterweed - Maps, Species Information, Wiki Article, and Images
Myriophyllum aquaticum - Maps, Species Information, Wiki Article, and Images
Source Article: State Adds Three New Invasive Plants to Noxious Weed List
Tuesday, September 1, 2015
|Excavated area showing soil horizons by Andrew Koeser, International Society of Arboriculture, Bugwood.org|
Wednesday, August 26, 2015
Tuesday, August 25, 2015
|Redbanded stink bugs (Piezodorus guildinii) by Russ Ottens, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org|
Source Article: Entomologists sniff out new stink bug to help soybean farmers control damage
Monday, August 24, 2015
A recently published article discussed a crowd-sourced game, Fraxinus, which was used to study the genome of Hymenoscyphus fraxineus, a fungus that causes ash dieback. Fraxinus had players arranging sequences of DNA to make long chains of alignments. Most interestingly, over half of the alignment answers, 74,356 of 154,038, were submitted by only 49 people, representing 0.7% of all the players. The game proved again that crowd-sourced projects can be a viable tool to analyze large amounts of data and get the average citizen involved in the researching process.
|European ash (Fraxinus excelsior), the species of trees which were infected by ash dieback by Robert Vidéki, Doronicum Kft., Bugwood.org|
To learn more about Fraxinus: Lessons from Fraxinus, a crowd-sourced citizen science game in genomics
Tuesday, August 18, 2015
|Predatory mites for biocontrol in greenhouses by Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org|
A new book, "Prospects for Biological Control of Plant Feeding Mites and Other Harmful Organisms," explores the history of and novel options for introducing mites to control invasive insects. While earlier work was very narrowly focused on a few species of mites on a few introduced species, contributors to this book documented how many more mite species can be effectively used for more pest control options.
Check out the book!
Prospects for Biological Control of Plant Feeding Mites and Other Harmful Organisms
Monday, August 17, 2015
Friday, August 14, 2015
|Pityogenes chalcographus, Robert Dzwonkowski, Bugwood.org|
Need more help in identifying Exotic Wood Borer/Bark Beetles? The USDA, along with the cooperation of Colorado State University and collaboration with Purdue University, released 11 screening aids August 13. According to the USDA-ITP’s release, the template and format from ITP’s first suite of screening aids (exotic Lepidoptera) were used to create the aids. Visit the Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey community (CAPS) site to access the aids. They are available in both high and low resolution formats. Funding support is in the Section 10201 of the 2008 Farm Bill.
Friday, August 7, 2015
|Todd Gilligan, LepIntercept, USDA APHIS ITP, Bugwood.org|
On June 17, 2015, one male Helicoverpa armigera (old world bollworm) was collected in a Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey (CAPS) pheromone trap in a field in Bradenton, Florida, USA. This moth is a serious agricultural pest globally, and this is the first detection in the U.S. outside of port interceptions. The caterpillars feed on a wide variety of field crops, the adults can fly long distances, and populations have repeatedly evolved resistance to many insecticides.
More information on this pest and news on the current situation can be found at http://www.freshfromflorida.com/Divisions-Offices/Plant-Industry/Plant-Industry-Publications/Pest-Alerts/Pest-Alert-The-Old-World-Bollworm
Screen capture from APPW’s new home page.
Wednesday, August 5, 2015
|Field preparation by Gerald Holmes, California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo, Bugwood.org|
Recently, Dr. Sanjay Shukla, a researcher from the University of Florida, experimented with altering the width and height of the beds to evaluate if the change in shape would change the input needs of the crops. He found out that by raising the height of the bed to 10-12 inches tall and reducing the width to 18-24 inches produced the same yield as the conventional beds, but needed less water, fertilizer, and fumigants. It also reduces the amount of plastic needed in production, an important factor for waste reduction since the plastic is thrown out after it is unusable (1-2 crops/seasons). So, how much money does he say this will this save growers? Per acre: $100-300. One eggplant grower in Florida has already switched over and says it saves him about $500/acre in equipment, fertilizer, and fumigation.
|Tomato on conventional raised, plastic-mulched beds by Gerald Holmes, California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo, Bugwood.org|
Source Article: Cutting cost, saving water and helping the environment by changing one simple thing
Tuesday, August 4, 2015
|Wild oat (Avena fatua) by Jan Samanek, State Phytosanitary Administration, Bugwood.org|
Some of the evidence discovered were weed species associated with cultivated fields and disturbed soils and a grinding slab. Cereal grains were found distributed around the grinding slab, scarred with markings made by harvesting tools. Also found were sickle blades, which indicated deliberate planning of harvest.
Source Article: TAU Among International Researchers to Discover First Evidence of Farming in Mideast
Monday, August 3, 2015
|Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) by USDA APHIS PPQ Archive, USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org|
Source Article: Notoriously invasive Asian carp found in Toronto
Wednesday, July 29, 2015
|lionfish (Pterois volitans) by Rebekah D. Wallace, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org|
Source Article: This Beautiful But Destructive Fish Is Resorting to Cannibalism
Lionfish Cannibalism in Mexico: Monitoring an Alien Invasion: DNA Barcoding and the Identification of Lionfish and Their Prey on Coral Reefs of the Mexican Caribbean
Lionfish Images: Pterois volitans
Lionfish BugwoodWiki: Pterois volitans
Tuesday, July 28, 2015
|Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) on ash (Fraxinus spp.) by Daniel Herms, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org|
Researchers followed the submersion method outlined by the Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Potawatomi Indians of Michigan. Using infested logs, researchers varied the length of submersion time and the time of year to find if this is a treatment option. Researchers found that submerging logs in a river for 18 weeks in the winter or 14 weeks in the spring kills emerald ash borers and the resulting logs are still usable for basketweaving. Interestingly, the winter time required is longer due to the insect overwintering in a dormant state.
Source Article: Basketmakers' tradition of storing black ash logs in water effective in killing emerald ash borer
Emerald ash borer images: Agrilus planipennis
Emerald ash borer BugwoodWiki: Agrilus planipennis
Black ash images: Fraxinus nigra
Monday, July 27, 2015
- 1,229 farmers answered the online survey
- 47 states represented in the results
- 84% of respondents have planted cover crops
- 3.66 more bushels per acre of corn after planting cover crops
- 2.19 more bushels per acre of soybean after planting cover crops
- 92% of producers who do not plant cover crops would be motivated to plant if there were economic incentives
- 300 acres is the average expected acreage of cover crop planting for 2015
- 84% of cover crops planted were cereal grains and grasses
|Cereal rye (Secale cereale) is the most common cereal grain or grass planted as a cover crop. Image by Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California - Davis, Bugwood.org|
- Increased yield
- Increased organic matter
- Improvement of soil health
- Improved weed control
- Reduced erosion
Monday, July 20, 2015
Bugwood presented on the last day, covering the EDDMapS website, South Eastern Early Detection smartphone application, and covered the new push alert system. The push alert system will send out alerts to user's smartphones about news relevant to the region or species included in the application. Presentations given by other attendees were equally as interesting.
Did you know that when a crested floating heart (Nymphoides cristata) leaf is damaged or cut in half, it will grow roots and may produce daughter plants from the damaged leaf ? This is information that will be important for planning management strategies in infested waterbodies.
|crested floating heart (Nymphoides cristata) by Larry McCord, Santee Cooper, Bugwood.org|
There were several presentations on grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) movement in rivers and reservoirs. Researchers will implant tracking devices in the grass carp and monitor their movement at key points to see where they will travel if they are introduced for invasive aquatic plants control. Sterile grass carp, also called triploid grass carp, are often used in rivers to prevent them from reproducing.
|grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) by Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission Archive, Bugwood.org|
In addition to the presentations, there was a large station with many species of aquatic weeds! This is great for showing the variety of species that are an issue nationwide.
|Aquatic weeds identification station by Rebekah D. Wallace|
Shortly before the awards dinner, there was a duck race!
|Aquatic Plant Management Society Meeting Duck Race by Rebekah D. Wallace|
Friday, July 17, 2015
|Lion (Panthera leo) by Joy Viola, Northeastern University, Bugwood.org|
While 14 new species have been assessed as Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct), no new species have been listed as Extinct.
Source Article: Conservation successes overshadowed by more species declines – IUCN Red List update
Thursday, July 16, 2015
|Lesser-prairie chickens prefer grassland habitats. Image by Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service (retired), Bugwood.org|
Source Article: Survey: Lesser Prairie-Chicken Population Continues to Climb
Lesser-Prairie Chicken Initiative
Lesser-Prairie Chicken Survey - Aerial survey shows lesser prairie-chicken population increased 25 percent from 2014 to 2015
Wednesday, July 15, 2015
|Beaver pond, typical habitat for Oregon chub. Image by Karan A. Rawlins, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org|
Source Article: USDA Employee Named “Recovery Champion” for Oregon Chub Conservation Efforts
Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office: Species Fact Sheet Oregon chub
- Sportsmen Fight Against Invasives
- Reporting Invasive Species Sightings
- For Waterfowl Hunters
- For more videos by Wild Dakota Outdoors
|largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoidesDave Fuller, Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks, Bugwood.org|
Tuesday, July 14, 2015
|Laysan albatross (Phoebastria immutabilis) by Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org|
Source Article: Global trends show seabird populations dropped 70 percent since 1950s
Monday, July 13, 2015
|Cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii), a non-native trout introduced to Yosemite. Image by Chris Schnepf, University of Idaho, Bugwood.org|
Source Article: Yosemite Restoring Endangered Yellow-legged frogs to Alpine Lakes
Yosemite Species Page: Sierra Nevada Yellow-Legged Frog
Friday, July 10, 2015
If you are interested in learning more about endangered species and their current population status, check out the following websites.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources evaluates species for their extinction risk and makes this information available to the public as the ICUN Red List. Species are listed as: Not Evaluated, Data Deficient, Least Concern, Near Threatened, Vulnerable, Endangered, Critically Endangered, Extinct in the Wild, or Extinct. You can search for individual species and the results will tell you the all about the species including: Status, Taxonomy, Assessment Information, Geographic Range, Population, and more.
The Wold Wildlife Federation website runs a Species Directory which links to information for dozens of endangered species. Choosing a specific animal will take you to a page describing the animal, threats to their survival, conservation efforts, and ways that the public can help that species.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service also has a page for Endangered Species. Not only does it have information similar to the other resources above, but you can also search on their interactive map for endangered species in your area.
Stay tuned for our articles next week!
|African penguin (Spheniscus demersus) adult with chick by Joy Viola, Northeastern University, Bugwood.org|
Wednesday, July 8, 2015
|Rice (Oryza sativa) by Keith Weller, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org|
As home gardeners and farmers alike know, the same plant species can have many different varieties with wildly different looks. Farmers in China have used different varieties of rice to create huge "paintings" in their fields. Rice plants come in many different colors and using those to create 3D art has become a tradition for the farmers in Xibo, where the fields are a part of theme park.
To see some of the art: In pictures: 3D art in China's rice paddy fields
Tuesday, July 7, 2015
|Brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys) by David R. Lance, USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org|
They feed on leaves and fruit of a wide variety of crop, horticultural, and ornamental plants, totaling over 120 species. This is of particular concern to plants grown as crops, as the feeding sites become necrotic and damage the fruit making it unmarketable.
|Brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys) feeding on peach (Prunus persica) by Gary Bernon, USDA APHIS, Bugwood.org|
Researchers have studied these insects to discover ways of controlling them and reducing the damage that they cause to food and structures. A study conducted on the feeding habits of these bugs show that they are highly preferential to attacking plants which have mature fruit on them. By removing the fruit from the trees, the bugs almost entirely disappeared from those trees. This indicates that the bugs could be drastically reduced in areas that choose varieties in which the fruit matures outside of the feeding period of the bug or varieties which are non-fruit bearing, especially for ornamental plantings. These bugs are known for their attraction to homes as overwintering locations, and the ornamental plantings around home provide food for them in the spring and fall. By planting species that don't fruit at those times, or at all, the bugs also won't be attracted to the structure as an overwintering location.
Source Article: Stink bugs have strong taste for ripe fruit
BMSB Images: Halyomorpha halys
BMSB BugwoodWiki: Halyomorpha halys
BMSB Distribution Map: Halyomorpha halys
Monday, July 6, 2015
|Dog (domestic) (Canis lupus familiaris) by Terry Spivey, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org|
To read more about these hard-working dogs: Poop-sniffing dogs work for wildlife researchers