Monday, April 18, 2016

The usefulness, value and utility of BugwoodImages is demonstrated in the April 2016 Issue of “IPM Insights”, the Newsletter of the Northeastern (USA) IPM Center

Access the April 2016 Issue (Volume 13: issue 2) at:
http://www.northeastipm.org/about-us/publications/ipm-insights/april-2016-download/

An image of Colorado potato beetle taken by David Cappaert [Michigan State University] http://www.ipmimages.org/browse/detail.cfm?imgnum=5178045 is used to illustrate the article “End of an Era of Easy Pest Solutions” about the issues of managing Colorado potato beetle.

An image depicting Palmer amaranth in a field taken by Howard Schwartz [Colorado State University] http://www.ipmimages.org/browse/detail.cfm?imgnum=5499318 is used to illustrate the article “Eco Solutions Answer to Herbicide Resistance” about IPM solutions to managing herbicide resistance.

The article “Photographers Lift Pests’ Poise” is about images available for educational use that resulting from a Cornell University / Bugwood partnership that was established through a Northeastern IPM Center grant.  Additionally, an image depicting hesitant dagger moth larva http://www.ipmimages.org/browse/detail.cfm?imgnum=5530331 by Bruce Watt [University of Maine] is used to illustrate this article.


An image showing fire blight symptoms by Rebecca Wallace [University of Georgia] http://www.ipmimages.org/browse/detail.cfm?imgnum=5392952 is used in the article titled “Antibiotic-Resistant Fire Blight". 

Friday, April 8, 2016

Rampaging Radioactive Wild Boars Causing Havoc

by Lynne Hayes.  Original article in: Growing America. Friday April 8th, 2016

 Lynne Hayes’ article highlights a major invasive species problem being manifested in the Fukushima region of Japan, an area in Japan that includes the 12 mile radius of the “exclusion zone” that experienced the nuclear disaster resulting from the Fukushima Hamadōri earthquake and subsequent tsunami on 11 March 2011.  

As if a nuclear disaster wasn't overwhelming enough in the Fukushima region of Japan, now the farmers who live in the area are being overrun by wild boars—thousands of them—with razor sharp tusks. And to top it off, they’re radioactive.

They’re full of radiation, so not only can’t they be eaten, they must be buried in concrete pits much like any disposed of radioactive material.  That has created an even bigger problem in Japan—mass graves that were built to hold 600 boars each are already full and there is a shortage of people qualified to cremate them.

Their problem????  Not so fast: see the section: Pigging Out In America … feral hogs are OUR problem as well.  Though not radioactive, according to the USDA, the United States is home to more than 5 million feral hogs. These ‘cousins” of the wild boar are capable of devastating damage to crops and can seriously upset the balance of our ecosystem.

Friday, April 1, 2016

Map Callery Pear Challenge!

How many states are seeing Callery Pear becoming an invasive issue? Map infestations you see and let's find out! 
The University of Illinois is mapping Callery Pear in their state - Let's all join the challenge
The University of Illinois Extension Forestry is encouraging everyone in the state to map Callery Pear.  This invasive is rapidly spreading across the state.  Currently we have documented escaped populations in 65/102 counties in Illinois but we are sure it is more widespread than that.  And, based upon the data in www.eddmaps.org, we are ahead of the other states in mapping this species!  As we are asking everyone in Illinois to help fill out our map, I want to challenge the other Midwestern states to do the same!  Let’s build a single map that relays the true distribution of this species across the Midwest!
 We’re asking everyone to report to www.eddmaps.org or use the GLEDN app - http://apps.bugwood.org/apps/gledn/
Christopher EvansForestry Extension and Research SpecialistUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignDepartment of Natural Resources & Environmental Sciences
To find the best app in your area for mapping Callery Pear and other invasive species go to: EDDMapS Apps

Thursday, March 31, 2016

Trees in Trouble: A documentary film about America’s Urban Forests. Coming to PBS

Trees in Trouble: A documentary film about America’s Urban Forests. Coming to PBS broadcasting near you in association with Earth Day/ Arbor Day programming during the month of April. The film will be aired numerous times during the week of April 25th.
Trees in Trouble http://www.treesintrouble.com/#about-film tells the story of Cincinnati’s response to the threat to its trees posed by the emerald ash borer. However, the film’s message is not limited to southern Ohio: across the country, from Massachusetts to San Diego, Minneapolis to Charleston, thousands of communities face the same threat: valuable and beloved trees being killed by non-native insects or diseases. While the trees and killers differ, the cost to the communities is the same: destruction of trees that provide shade and other important ecosystem services and create our sense of home. Trees in Trouble helps us understand what we are losing and links us to actions we can take to counter this tragedy.”   Faith Campbell, Vice President, Center for Invasive Species Prevention

 Check the PBS schedule chart at: http://www.treesintrouble.com/national-public-television-release/ to find out when Trees in Trouble will be airing on PBS in your area

Tuesday, March 29, 2016

Native Predators May Be Having a Larger Impact than Expected on Invasive Stink Bug

Entomology Today. March 25, 2016 issue. 
By Dr. Rob Morrison, USDA-ARS Appalachian Fruit Research Station in Kearneysville, WV. 

Research recently appearing in the journal Biological Control may change how we view native predators of the brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB). BMSB is an invasive species that was accidentally introduced to the United States from Asia in Pennsylvania, and has since been detected in more than 40 U.S. states. It feeds on more than 150 plant species, making it a large threat to many agricultural systems in the country.

Researchers with the USDA-ARS Appalachian Fruit Research Station and Shepherd University evaluated 25 native generalist natural enemy species collected from the field as potential predators of BMSB egg masses in the laboratory. 

To better evaluate and characterize damage inflicted by the various predators, the researchers photographed egg masses before and after predator exposure with the aim of linking egg damage to specific groups or guilds of predators.

Predators were also observed using videography, and some interesting behaviors emerged.  Bottom line, results suggest that native predators may not be getting as much credit as they deserve in the biological control of BMSB. 

Monday, March 14, 2016

USDA-APHIS Associate Administrator Shares some Trade Accomplishments

This USDA-Animal Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Stakeholder Registry Release is worth a read. GKD 

March 14, 2016
Dear Stakeholders:

Now more than ever, producers need access to the global marketplace to expand their businesses and enhance their profitability. This is a message that is reinforced every time we meet with commodity representatives. These groups have come to rely on APHIS’ pivotal role in maintaining existing markets and negotiating new market opportunities based on sound science and meaningful protocols.

APHIS leads the way working with our programs to manage and resolve Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) trade issues. In fiscal year (FY) 2015 alone, we facilitated and provided in-country support to successfully resolve 171 trade-related issues involving $2.5 billion in U.S. agricultural exports.

Our trade staff helped negotiate market access to China for all apple varieties from all U.S. states—a market worth an estimated $100 million. They also facilitated highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI)-related outreach and negotiations that helped the United States retain $248.9 million in poultry exports during the worst animal disease outbreak in U.S. history. At the same time, they were instrumental in the negotiations that removed long-standing trade restrictions around bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) to allow more than $13 million in exports. Finally, they were significant in retaining our $168.7 million wheat exports to Brazil and Kenya by conducting outreach around flag smut.

APHIS also leads several pest control programs in the Americas designed to reduce or eliminate populations of pests like Screwworm, Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly), and Mexican fruit fly (Mexfly). These pests can impact trade if they are found here in the United States, and although we have battled a number of fruit fly outbreaks this year, it could have been far worse without this pro-active work beyond our borders.

I could fill several more pages with the work we are doing around the world to maintain markets and foster new opportunities overseas, but I hope what I have shared underscores the priority APHIS places on exports, and you can expect more of the same in 2016.

Sincerely,
Dr. Jere Dick, Associate Administrator, USDA APHIS 

Friday, February 12, 2016

Internet Propels Invasive Species

By Chris Bennett, Farm Journal Technology and Issues Editor.  AgWeb. 
 Friday, February 12, 2016

Ten websites, 50 days and 2,625 plant species for sale at the click of a button. Specimens were sold in 55 different countries spread across the globe. … Of the 2,625 species up for grabs, 510 were invasive. Hang on for the kicker. Out of the 510 invasive examples, 35 are on the International Union for Conservation Nature’s 100 worst invasive species list.   

The Internet has merely compounded a deeply rooted problem for agriculture. 

Karan Rawlins, Invasive Species Coordinator at The Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, is quoted throughout the article.